What is BCDR? Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Guide

What is BCDR? Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Guide blog image

What is BDCR?

Organizations’ challenges exhibit diverse characteristics and intensities, from inadvertent human errors to cyber attacks like ransomware and large-scale natural disasters. The financial and reputational consequences become more pronounced the longer an organization is deprived of access to its data and operational systems. Establishing resilience against such a broad spectrum of threats is crucial for surviving and thriving in the constantly evolving business landscape.

BDCR stands for Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery. It is a comprehensive strategy that outlines how an organization will respond to disruptions and continue business operations in the aftermath of a disaster. These events could include natural disasters, cyberattacks, power outages, or human error.

As organizations aim to achieve uninterrupted operations, the importance of a comprehensive business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) response plan continues to grow. A well-rounded BCDR plan can swiftly restore your business to operational status following an adverse incident.

Why is BCDR needed?

The escalating frequency and severity of cyberattacks in 2023 highlight the critical need for robust Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery (BCDR) plans. These attacks target critical infrastructure, disrupt operations, and expose sensitive data, posing significant risks to businesses of all sizes.

Here are the key reasons why BCDR is essential:

1. Ever-increasing Cyber Threats

 Cyber attacks are becoming more frequent, sophisticated, and costly. In 2023 alone, we have witnessed various high-profile attacks, demonstrating the evolving threat landscape. A comprehensive BCDR plan helps organizations prepare for and respond effectively to these threats, minimizing downtime and data loss.

2. Growing Reliance on Technology

Businesses rely heavily on technology for critical operations, making them vulnerable to disruptions caused by cyberattacks, technology failures, or even natural disasters. A robust BCDR plan ensures that essential services can be restored quickly and efficiently, minimizing the impact on business operations.

3. Financial Implications of Downtime

Even brief periods of downtime can lead to substantial financial losses. The average cost of IT downtime is between $140,000 and $540,000 per hour, depending on the size and complexity of the organization.  A well-defined BCDR plan helps organizations resume operations swiftly, minimizing financial losses and ensuring business continuity.

4. Reputational Damage

Cyberattacks and other disruptions can damage an organization’s reputation and erode customer trust. A well-executed BCDR plan demonstrates preparedness and professionalism, helping maintain customer confidence and brand image during challenging times.

5. Regulatory Compliance

Many industries have regulations requiring organizations to have a BCDR plan in place. Failure to comply with these regulations can result in hefty fines and legal repercussions. A comprehensive BCDR plan ensures compliance and avoids potential penalties.

Business Continuity vs. Disaster Recovery

While often used interchangeably, “business continuity” and “disaster recovery” represent distinct yet interconnected concepts within organizational preparedness. Understanding the nuances between them is crucial for crafting effective plans and ensuring seamless operations in the face of disruptions.

Business Continuity (BC)

As per the Business Continuity Institute (BCI) and Disaster Recovery Journal (DRJ), business continuity is described as “the strategic and tactical capability of the organization to plan for and respond to incidents and business disruptions to continue business operations at an acceptable predefined level.”

A business continuity plan focuses on sustaining crucial business activities in the face of adverse natural or cybersecurity events. It entails developing and implementing risk management strategies, policies, and procedures to ensure the organization swiftly maintains operations with minimal impact on productivity. Business continuity addresses every facet of business operations, encompassing the workforce, business applications, online systems, network and telecommunication services, and network and server access.

It focuses on the broader picture, encompassing all aspects needed to keep a business running during unexpected events or major disasters.  It involves:

Identifying critical business functions: Determining which operations are essential for maintaining core business activities.

Developing alternative procedures: Establishing backup plans for crucial functions to ensure continuity.

Investing in resources and technology: Implementing solutions like data backups, communication channels, and remote access capabilities.

Training and awareness: Educating employees on BC protocols and their role in maintaining operations.

Testing and reassessment: Regularly test BC plans and update them to adapt to changing circumstances.

Disaster Recovery (DR)

While business continuity aims to maintain operational functions during and immediately after a disruptive event, disaster recovery is centered on restoring the business to a normal operating state. Unlike business continuity plans, which focus on the business’s operational side, disaster recovery specifically addresses the IT aspects.

BCI and DRJ define disaster recovery as “the process, policies, and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure, systems, and applications, which are vital to an organization after a disaster or outage.” A disaster recovery plan primarily concerns restoring IT applications, data, and operations to their original state, minimizing the impact of a disaster, and ensuring vital support systems are up and running with minimal data loss and downtime.

Business continuity and disaster recovery are integral to an organization’s risk management strategy. Some organizations need to conduct BC and DR planning in collaboration, which is not advisable. Although BC and DR have distinct goals, they are complementary. Treating them as separate strategies fails to foster robust, efficient, and long-term business resiliency. Conversely, focusing on one while neglecting the other is suboptimal for planning disruptions. Business continuity and disaster recovery plans are equally crucial and work most effectively when developed and implemented in coordination.

It specifically addresses the restoration of IT infrastructure and data following a disaster. It focuses on:

Identify and prioritize IT systems and data: Determine which systems are critical for business operations, and ensure their prioritization in recovery efforts.

Implementing data backup and recovery solutions: Backing up data securely and regularly to ensure its availability in case of loss.

Developing disaster recovery procedures: Establishing clear steps for restoring IT infrastructure and data to resume operations.

Testing and validation: Regularly testing DR procedures to ensure effectiveness and identify potential weaknesses.

Key Differences

Feature Business Continuity Disaster Recovery
Scope Broader, encompassing all aspects of business operations Specific focus on IT infrastructure and data
Objective Maintain business continuity even during disruptions Restore IT infrastructure and data after a disaster
Activities Identification of critical functions, development of alternative procedures, training, testing, etc. Data backup, recovery procedures, testing, etc.
Timeline Ongoing, proactive approach Reactive, responding to specific events


It is important to note that BC and DR are not mutually exclusive. A comprehensive BC plan incorporates a well-defined DR strategy as a vital component. Effective BC ensures that the overall business remains operational even when IT systems face disruptions, while DR focuses on swiftly restoring those systems and minimizing data loss.

By understanding the differences and interconnectedness of BC and DR, organizations can develop robust and holistic plans to prepare for and respond effectively to any unforeseen event, ensuring continued operations and safeguarding their critical business functions.

What is a BCDR plan?

A business continuity and disaster recovery plan involves a blend of strategies, policies, and procedures designed to guide an organization’s response to potential threats or unexpected disruptive events while mitigating negative impacts.  A BCDR plan, or a Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery plan, is a comprehensive strategy designed to help an organization prepare for, respond to, and recover from a disaster and disruptive events. These events range from natural disasters and cyberattacks to power outages and equipment failures.

The primary goal of a BCDR plan is to ensure that an organization can continue its critical operations with minimal downtime and data loss. This is achieved by:

Identifying critical business functions: The plan prioritizes the essential processes and resources needed to maintain operations.

Developing alternative procedures: Back-up plans are established for critical functions in case of disruptions.

Implementing technology solutions: Tools like data backup, communication channels, and remote access facilitate continuity.

Establishing recovery procedures: Steps for restoring IT systems and data are clearly defined.

Training and educating employees: Personnel know their role in maintaining operations during disruptions.

Testing and rehearsing the plan: Regular drills and simulations ensure the plan’s effectiveness and identify areas for improvement.

What is BCDR testing?

Although you’ve meticulously crafted a comprehensive BCDR plan, the real litmus test lies in its application in a real-life scenario. They need to put their plans through simulations to remain theoretical. This underscores the significance of BCDR testing, an integral component of planning that verifies the efficacy of the BCDR plan and ensures its functionality in the face of a disaster. Furthermore, testing identifies areas for enhancement, facilitating their integration into subsequent versions of the BCDR plan.

What is the purpose of testing your BCP and DRP procedures?

Testing BCP and DRP procedures serves the primary objective of assessing their functionality against an organization’s predetermined Recovery Point Objective (RPO) and Recovery Time Objective (RTO). RPO and RTO assist companies in gauging their operational constraints before a disaster occurs. These metrics quantify the potential data loss and downtime a company may experience before resuming operations. Consequently, testing plays a pivotal role in shaping a pragmatic risk management strategy.

How is backup related to BCDR?

Backup plays a pivotal role in an organization’s BCDR strategy. A reliable backup and restore solution is instrumental in recovering crucial business data following an unfortunate event. Rapidly recovering vital data is critical, as any delay can significantly impact business operations. Cloud-based backup solutions, in particular, facilitate accurate and rapid data recovery, empowering businesses to restore their data within minutes.

Support your BCDR plan with a COUPLE of GURUS

a COUPLE of GURUS sets the industry benchmark with its purpose-built, cloud-native backup and recovery solution tailored to your needs. We help you build a BCDR plan and provide backup and recovery strategies. Our backup solution guarantees your business’ data constant availability, compliance, and security. Contact us today to learn how we can implement a BCDR plan and backup solution for your business.